万喜堂

RCEP对能源领域影响几何

日期:2020-12-02 09:38:14 【 字体:

LAIYUAN:ZHONGGUONENGYUANWANG  RIQI:2020.12.2

11YUE15RI,《QUYUQUANMIANJINGJIHUOBANGUANXIXIEDING》(RCEP)ZHENGSHIQIANSHU。15GECHENGYUANGUOZONGKUANANBEIBANQIULIANGDAZHOU,FUGAIZIYUANBINGFUGUOHEJISHUBINGFUGUO,QIJINGJITILIANG、RENKOUZONGLIANGHEMAOYIZONGEJUNZHANQUANQIUDESANFENZHIYI。RCEPDEQIANSHUBUJINJIQUYUMAOYIZIYOUHUAHEQUANQIUHUATIZHENLEXINXIN,DUIZHONGGUONENGYUANSHICHANGDEFAZHANYEYOUSHIFENZHONGYAODEYIYI。

RCEP国家形成互补

CONGGEGUONENGYUANSHENGCHANYUXIAOFEILAIKAN,DONGMENGSHIGUOSHIZIYUANBINGFUGUO。《BPSHIJIENENGYUANTONGJINIANJIAN2019》XIANSHI,DONGMENGGUOJIAHUASHINENGYUANSHENGCHANLIANGCHAOGUOXIAOFEILIANG,QIZHONGYINNIMEITAN、TIANRANQIZIYUANGENGWEIFENGFU。DONGMENGHAIYONGYOUZHEFENGFUDESHENGWUZHINENG、SHUINENG、TAIYANGNENGDENGQINGJIEKEZAISHENGNENGYUAN,DANSHOUJISHUDEXIANZHI,QINGJIENENGYUANYOUDAIKAIFA。

RI、HANSHINENGYUANZIYUANJIWEIKUIFADEGUOJIA,HUASHINENGYUANYILAIJINKOU,QIZHONGSHIYOUXIAOFEIZHANZONGNENGYUANXIAOFEIDE40%YISHANG。DANHANGUOJISHUSHUIPINGLINGXIAN,SHIHUACHANYEFAZHANCHENGSHU,SHIYOUZHIPINRICHANLIANGCHAOGUO300WANTONG,BINGZHANGQICHUKOUZHILINGUO。

AODALIYASHINENGYUANSHENGCHANDAGUO,2018NIANMEITAN、TIANRANQICHANLIANGFENBIEWEI301.09、111.9BAIWANDUNYOUDANGLIANG,ERQIGUONEINENGYUANXIAOFEIYUANBUZHIYUCI,FENGFUDEZIYUANRANGAODALIYACHENGWEISHIJIEDISANDANENGYUANCHUKOUGUO。

ZHONGGUOJISHINENGYUANSHENGCHANDAGUO,YOUSHIXIAOFEIDAGUO。2018NIAN,ZHONGGUOHUASHINENGYUANSHENGCHANHEXIAOFEILIANGFENBIEWEI2156.8、2791BAIWANDUNYOUDANGLIANG,MEITANXIAOFEIZHANZONGNENGYUANXIAOFEIJIN80%,YOUYUGUONEIXUQIUWANGSHENG,MEITAN、TIANRANQIZHANGQIXIANGAODALIYAJINKOU。

DANZHIDEQIDAIDESHI,SUIZHEZHONGGUOHUANJINGZHANLVEDEFAZHAN,QINGJIENENGYUANTIDAIBUDUANZENGZHANG,2018NIANXIAOFEIBIZHONGDA22.1%,BINGCHENGWEISHIJIESHUIDIAN、FENGDIAN、TAIYANGNENGFADIANZHUANGJIDIYIDAGUO。

YOUYUJINGJIFAZHANHEZIYUANBINGFUDECHAYI,RCEPGUOJIAXINGCHENGLEYIDINGDEZIYUANHEJISHUHUBU,ZHEIJIANGYOULIYUGEGUOLIYONGBINGFUCANYUGUOJIMAOYI,FAHUIGEZIDEBIJIAOYOUSHI。

XINYILUNNENGYUANLINGYUDEMAOYIHEZUOKAIQILEWOGUOXINDENENGYUANZHILU。RCEPDUIWOGUONENGYUANXITONGYEJIANGCHANSHENGZHUDUOJIJIDEYINGXIANG。

优化我国能源结构

JINJINIAN,WOGUOJINGJIZENGSUFANGHUANCHULESHOUDAONIQUANQIUHUADEYINGXIANGWAI,GENGZHONGYAODESHIWOGUOZISHENJINGJIDEFAZHANZHILIANGBINGBUGAO,ZHEIZAINENGYUANXINGYETIXIANWEICHUANTONGNENGYUANDECHANNENGGUOSHENGHEQINGJIENENGYUANZHUANXINGSHENGJIYUDAOPINGJING。

RCEPZHANLVEDESHISHIKEYIYOUHUAWOGUODENENGYUANJIEGOU。YIFANGMIAN,NENGYUANZHUANYISHIHUAJIECHANNENGGUOSHENGDEYIGEZHUYAOSHOUDUAN,BAWOGUOGUOSHENGCHANYEZHUANYIDAODONGMENGYIXIEQIANFADA、CHANYEFAZHANHAIWEIBAOHEDEGUOJIA,KEYISHIXIANQUCHANNENGDEMUBIAO。LINGYIFANGMIAN,SHIYONGGENGDUOQINGJIELVSENENGYUAN,JIAKUAINENGYUANZHUANXING。WOGUOTIANRANQIZIYUANKUIFA,MEINIANXUYAOXIANGAODALIYAJINKOUZHISHAO2100WANDUNTIANRANQI。SUIZHERCEPDETUIJIN,TIANRANQIJINKOUYOUWANGZENGJIA,ZHOUQIJINYIBULAZHANG。

YUDONGMENGSHIGUOLEISI,WOGUOQINGJIEKEZAISHENGNENGYUANFENGFU,DANSHIJISHUKAIFASHUIPINGJIDAITIGAO。RCEPHEZUOHUOBANGUANXIDEJIANLI,KEYICUJINCHANYEZHENGCEHEJISHUBIAOZHUNDEWANSHAN,JIAQIANGGUANJIANJISHUZHUANGBEILIANHEGONGGUAN,WEIWOGUOKAIFASHUIDIAN、FENGDIANDENGQINGJIELVSENENGYUANCHUANGZAOLESHIJI。

进一步保障能源安全

ZAIGUOJIXINGSHIRIYIFUZADEBEIJINGXIA,WOGUOMIANLINDENENGYUANANQUANWENTIYUELAIYUETUCHU,RCEPKEYIWEIHUWOGUONENGYUANSHICHANGDEGONGXUWENDING、TIGAONENGYUANKEHUODEXING。

NENGYUANSHICHANGDEGONGXUPINGHENGSHIGUOJIANENGYUANANQUANDEJICHU。RCEPDEQIANSHUBIAOMINGGECHENGYUANJUNCHENGNUOJIANGDIGUANSHUI、JIANSHAOBIAOZHUNBILEI,ZHEIYOUZHUYUJIANGDIGEGUOMAOYIDECHENGBEN。DONGMENGGUOZAIMEITAN、TIANRANQI、NIE、BUXIUGANGDENGCHANYEYOUCHUKOUYOUSHI,MUQIANYEYUZHONGGUOJIANLIYOUHAODEHEZUOGUANXI,RCEPZEYOULIYUJINYIBUJIAQIANGSHUANGFANGDEMAOYIHEZUO,JIEJUEGUONEINENGYUANGONGYINGJINZHANGDEWENTI。

RCEPMAOYIHUOBANZHONG,ZUIDADELIANGDIANSHIZHONGRIHANMAOYIQUDEJIANLI。RIHANZAIJIDIANWANXITANG、YUNSHUSHEBEIHEHUAGONGWANXITANGFANGMIANJUYOUCHUKOUYOUSHI,BINGCHENGWEIWOGUOZHUYAODEJINKOULAIYUANGUO。HANGUOSHIHUACHANYEFADA,SHINAOYOUDENGSHIYOUZHIPINYEZHANGQICHUKOUDAOZHONGGUO,DANMUQIANZHEIXIEWANXITANGDEJINKOUGUANSHUIJIAOGAO,WEILAIYIDANGUANSHUIJIANMIANSHENZHIQUXIAO,CHENGBENJIANSHAO、JINKOULIANGZENGJIA,JIUKEYIMIBUGUONEIGONGJIDEQUEKOU。

RCEPHAILADONGTAGUODUIWOGUOYOUSHICHANYEDEXUQIU,HUANJIEGUONEICHANNENGGUOSHENGDEWENTI。BIRU,WOGUOGUANGFUCHANYEJUYOUXIANGDUICHENGBENHEJISHUYOUSHI,ZAIDONGMENGSHICHANGSHANGZHANYOUYIDINGDESHICHANGFENE。ERHANGUODUIWOGUOGUANGFUQIYEDEDITANZIZHIYIZHICHIHUAIYITAIDU,BINGSHEZHILEJIAOGAODEFEIGUANSHUIBILEI。RCEPJIANGYOUZHUYULIANGGUOYOUHAOMAOYIGUANXIDEJIANLI,JIANSHAOMAOYIMOCA,TUIDONGGUANGFUQIYEZAIGUOJISHICHANGDEKAITUO。

NENGYUANKEHUOXINGSHINENGYUANANQUANDEBIYAOTIAOJIAN,ZHEIXUYAOCONGNENGYUANYUNSHUNENGLIHENENGYUANJICHUSHESHIJIANSHELIANGFANGMIANJINXINGKAOCHA。SUIRAN“YIDAIYILU”YANXIANGUOJIASHIWOGUONENGYUANZIYUANDEZHUYAOGONGJIFANG,DANSHIGUOJIAZHIJIANNENGYUANYUNSHUTONGDAODEANQUANTIXIHAIBUGOUJIANQUAN。WOGUOYUZHONGDONGDIQUJULIJIAOYUAN,ZHEIDUIGUANDAODEYUNSHUNENGLIHEWEIHUNENGLIDOUTICHULEHENGAODEYAOQIU。ERRCEPGUOJIAZHONGHENDUOWEIYUDONGYA、DONGNANYA,YUWOGUOLINGTUJIERANG、ZHENGJUWENDING,KEQUEBAONENGYUANYUNSHUDEANQUANYUBIANJIE。

CIWAI,NENGYUANMAOYIFAZHANDAOJINTIANYUELAIYUEZHONGSHIYIJICHUSHESHIWEIHEXINDEHULIANHUTONG。2019NIAN,RIBENDUIDONGMENGLIUGUOSHIXIANJIJIANTOUZI3670YIMEIYUAN,DUIZHONGGUOTOUZI2550YIMEIYUAN,ZHONGGUODUIYINNITOUZIDA930YIMEIYUAN。DIQUZHIJIANJIAQIANGNENGYUANJICHUSHESHIJIANSHE,YICHANYEHEZUODAIDONGGENENGYUANTOUZIHEZUO,NENGTIGAONENGYUANDEKEHUOXING。

推动能源核心技术合作

ZUOWEIWOGUONENGYUANZHANLVEDIAOZHENGDEZHONGYAOYIHUAN,NENGYUANJISHUSHIJIAQIANGGUOJIHEZUODEJICHU,SHISHIXIAN“SHISIWU”SHIQIFAZHANZHANLVEXINGXINXINGCHANYEMUBIAODEZHICHENG。JINNIANLAI,WOGUOXINNENGYUANQICHE、XINNENGYUANFADIANJISHUFAZHANXUNSU,DANDIANCHI、HEXINDIANZILINGBUJIANDENGJISHUFAZHANYUDAOPINGJING,RCEPJIWOGUOCHUANGZAOLEHEZUODEQIJI。

HAIGUANSHUJUBIAOMING,2019NIANZHONGGUOYIJINGCHENGWEIRIHANJIDIANWANXITANGDEZUIDAXUQIUZHE,LIANGGUODUIZHONGGUODECHUKOUGOUCHENGZHONG,JIDIANWANXITANGZHANBICHAOGUO40%。SUIZHERCEPZHANLVEHEZUOHUOBANGUANXIDEJIANLI,ZHONGGUOKEXIANGRIHANLIANGGUOXUEXIGENGDUOXIANJINJISHU,TIGAOXINNENGYUANZHONGFENGLIFADIANJIZU、TAIYANGNENGDIANCHIBANDENGDECHANCHUNENGLI,SUOXIAOYUFADAGUOJIADECHAJU,ZENGQIANGGUOJIJINGZHENGLI。

LINGWAI,RCEPDUIZHISHICHANQUANBAOHUYEYOUXIANGGUANCHENGNUOHEXIANZHI。ZHONGRIHANZAIZHISHICHANQUANDEJIAOLIUZHONGYIZHICHUYUBUPINGHENGDEZHUANGTAI。RIHANZAIZHONGGUODESHENQINGSHULIANGYUANYUANCHAOGUOZHONGGUOZAIRIHANDESHENQINGLIANG,ZHEIYURIHANDUIZHONGGUOSHEZHIJIAOGAODEMAOYIBILEIYOUGUAN。RCEPKEYIJIEJUELISHIYILIUWENTI,ZENGJIAWOGUONENGYUANJISHUCENGMIANDEGUOJIRENKEDU,CONGERTIGAOWOGUONENGYUANQIYEDEGUOJIDIWEI。

增强我国能源系统韧性

NENGYUANXITONGDERENXINGTIXIANZAIDIYUFENGXIANDENENGLISHANG。JINNIANLAI,ZAINIQUANQIUHUADEYINGXIANGXIA,WOGUONENGYUANXITONGSHOUDAOLEWEIXIE。NENGYUANGONGYINGQUDAOJIAOWEIDANYI,RUSHIYOUJINKOUCHAOGUO65%YUANZIZHONGDONGDIQU,DUINENGYUANJINKOUDEYILAIZUAILEWOGUONENGYUANSHICHANGDEZHANGQIKECHIXUFAZHAN。RCEPSHIWOGUOJIANSHAODUIMEIOU、ZHONGDONGSHICHANGDEYILAI,CUJINNENGYUANGONGYINGQUDAODUOYUANHUA、JINKOUWANXITANGDUOYUANHUA,TIGAONENGYUANDETIDAIXING,ZENGJIADIYUFENGXIANDENENGLI。

BUJINRUCI,RCEPHAICUCHENGLEQUYUNENGYUANXITONGDEJIANKANGFAZHAN,JIAQIANGCHANYESHANGZHONGXIAYOUDELIUTONG,CUCHENGGUOJIFENGONGYUHEZUO,CHONGFENFAHUIZIYUANBINGFUGUOHEJISHUBINGFUGUODEYOUSHI,YOUXIAOZENGJIAQUYUNENGYUANXITONGDERENXING。GEGUOQIYEZAIQUYUNEIHELIPEIZHIYAOSUZIYUANYEYOULIYUZENGQIANGCHANYELIAN、GONGYINGLIANDERENXING,LADONGJINGJIYIHOUFUSU。

能源企业“走出去”挑战犹存

SUIRANRCEPWEIZHONGGUODAILAILEXINDEFAZHANJIYU,DANYEDAILAILETIAOZHAN。MUQIANRIHANAOXINSHIWOGUODEMAOYINICHAGUO,WEILAIYIDUANSHIJIANMAOYINICHAYIJIUCUNZAIBINGKENENGKUODA。MAOYIKAIFANGHAIHUIZENGJIADUIDICHENGBENCAILIAODEJINKOU,DANZHEIBUJINJIZHANLEGUONEIQIYEDESHICHANGFENE,HAIJIANGPOSHIDIXIAOLVQIYETUICHUSHICHANG。CIWAI,ZUOWEIFAZHANZHONGGUOJIA,ZHONGGUOYURIHANDENGFADAGUOJIACUNZAICHAJU,NENGYUANKAIFAJISHUSHUIPINGDI、GUOJIRENKEDUDIDENGWENTIJIANGCHENGWEIWOGUOQIYEZOUXIANGGUOJIHUADEZUAI……

JINHOU,WOGUONENGYUANQIYEYAOLAOLAODIZHUAZHURCEPZHANLVEHEZUODEJIYU,SHIYONGYOUZHIDEQINGJIENENGYUAN,JIXUFAZHANYOUSHICHANYE,DAZAOZHONGGUOTEYOUDEGUOJINENGYUANPINPAI,TIGAOQUANQIUSHICHANGFENE。TONGGUO“YINJINLAI”“GANZHONGXUE”,MIBUJISHUDUANBAN,CUJINWOGUONENGYUANQIYE“ZOUCHUQU”。


(ZUOZHEDANWEI:ZHONGGUORENMINDAXUEYINGYONGJINGJIXUEYUANNENGYUANJINGJIXI)

 

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